Consider the network shown in Scenario 2 in Section 3.6.1. Suppose both sending hosts A and B have some fixed timeout values.
a. Argue that increasing the size of the finite buffer of the router might possibly decrease the throughput .
b. Now suppose both hosts dynamically adjust their timeout values (like what TCP does) based on the buffering delay at the router. Would increasing the buffer size help to increase the throughput? Why?
a) If timeout values are fixed, then the senders may timeout prematurely. Thus, some packets are re-transmitted even they are not lost.
b) If timeout values are estimated (like what TCP does), then increasing the buffer size certainly helps to increase the throughput of that router. But there might be one potential problem. Queuing delay might be very large, similar to what is shown in Scenario 1.